Download PDF by Stephen Turnbull: Crusader Castles Of The Teutonic Knights The Stone Castles

By Stephen Turnbull

The unique compelled conversion of pagan Livonia, what's now the Baltic states of Latvia and Estonia, used to be performed by means of an army order often called the Brethren of the Sword. In 1236 this order was once included into the Teutonic Knights following a catastrophic army defeat. The knights had regularly consolidated their conquests via networks of castles and fortified areas, and the Livonian bankruptcy of the Teutonic Order outfitted castles of stone. This identify covers the developmental and operational historical past of those fortresses over the size of the center a while. It info how the Baltic fortifications of the Teutonic Knights advanced to mirror the altering nature of siege battle and the expanding dominance of gunpowder in struggle.

Show description

Read Online or Download Crusader Castles Of The Teutonic Knights The Stone Castles Of Latvia And Estonia 1185-1560 PDF

Similar archaeology books

Elizabeth J. Reitz, Elizabeth S. Wing's Zooarchaeology (Cambridge Manuals in Archaeology) (2nd PDF

This is often an introductory textual content for college students attracted to identity and research of animal is still from archaeological websites. The emphasis is on animals whose is still tell us concerning the courting among people and their ordinary and social environments, in particular website formation techniques, subsistence options, the methods of domestication, and paleoenvironments.

Religion and Power: Divine Kingship in the Ancient World and by Nicole Brisch PDF

This quantity represents a set of contributions provided throughout the 3rd Annual college of Chicago Oriental Institute Seminar, faith and tool: Divine Kingship within the historic global and past, held on the Oriental Institute, February 23-24, 2007. the aim of this convention was once to ascertain extra heavily innovations of kingship in quite a few areas of the area and in several time sessions.

Download e-book for iPad: Les cultes orientaux sur le territoire de la Mésie by Ljubica Zotovic

Après une creation où l'auteur s'attache à situer sur los angeles carte les limites exactes de los angeles province romaine de Mésie supérieure, l. a. première partie de ce livre étudie successivement les monuments cultuels de Mithra, puis de Jupiter Dolichénus, enfin des autres divinités orientales (Cybèle, Isis et Sérapis). En deuxième partie, un catalogue regroupe dans le même ordre les lines épigraphiques, iconographiques, archéologiques de ces cultes attestées jusqu'à présent en Mésie supérieure.

La faith mithriaque est l. a. plus abondamment représentée. L'auteur examine d'assez près l'imagerie mythique et liturgique du cycle de Mithra. Il montre que, contrairement à une confirmation de Cumont, le scorpion n'est pas une determine obligée de l. a. tauroctonie dans les Balkans (p. 13). D'autre half, on ne connaît qu'un seul monument dédié par un vétéran : l'armée semble donc n'avoir joué qu'un rôle très restricté dans l'expansion du culte de Mithra. Il paraît s'être implanté dans l. a. province à l'époque de Marc-Aurèle, mais los angeles plupart des monuments datables appartiennent à l. a. première moitié du ine siècle apr. J. -C.

Extra info for Crusader Castles Of The Teutonic Knights The Stone Castles Of Latvia And Estonia 1185-1560

Sample text

1936) ‘Die animistische Philosophie des sibirischen Schamanismus’, Ethnos 1/4: 81–5. —— (1937) ‘Zur Frage der Entwicklungeschichte der primitiven Religionen’, Ethnos 2/3: 74–91. —— (1952) Le culte des Idoles en Sibérie, Paris: Payot. A. (1999) Shamanism and Christianity: Native Encounters with Russian Orthodox Missions in Siberia and Alaska, 1820–1917. Westport: Greenwood Press. D. Lewis-Williams The images of San (Bushman) rock art1 are among the most captivating and best understood in the world.

She demonstrated how, long ago, San people danced in the painted rock shelter to which she took Peter Jolly and me and how they raised their arms and turned to the paintings when they wished to intensify their potency (amandla). D. Lewis-Williams looked at the paintings, power flowed from the images and entered into them. This was, I believe, her way of saying that the sight of the paintings deepened the dancers’ trance experience. The images were reservoirs of n/om. M then expanded on this notion that the images themselves contained potency.

Fig. 4). In front of them is another figure in an acute bending-forward posture and a number of dots made with the tip of a finger. Such dots, which appear in many paintings, may represent n/om (Dowson 1989; see also Lewis-Williams and Blundell 1997). Colours: dark red and white. KwaZulu-Natal. Copy by Harald Pager. Dowson 1990) and associated paintings focus on the shamanistic associations of images (LewisWilliams 1998). This claim for the primacy of shamanistic concerns may, perhaps, be contested because we have no direct access to the original viewers and because, as some researchers have it, meaning is created at the moment of interaction between viewer and image.

Download PDF sample

Crusader Castles Of The Teutonic Knights The Stone Castles Of Latvia And Estonia 1185-1560 by Stephen Turnbull


by Michael
4.5

Rated 4.16 of 5 – based on 43 votes