By Mariya Y. Omelicheva
Over the last twenty years, vital Asian states have witnessed an excessive revival of Islamic religion. in addition to its reasonable and conventional kinds, radical and militant Islam has infiltrated groups of Muslims in imperative Asia. Alarmed by way of the border incursions, sporadic terrorist violence and spiritual anti-governmental campaigns, the management of all critical Asian states followed broad measures opposed to radical Islam and intensified counterterrorism rules. This publication examines the damaging tendency of counterterrorism guidelines of the principal Asian states to develop extra alike amid propensities for divergence and attributes this development to the influence of the social context during which those states function. It underscores the significance of foreign environment that shapes governments’ perceptions of terrorism and their counterterrorism regulations. using a complete theoretical framework, which integrates diverse mechanisms of foreign affects on nation behaviour, the writer explains the critical Asian states’ perceptions of terrorist possibility and their counterterrorism responses. The booklet analyses the counterterrorism regulations of Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, the 2 critical Asian states which have been least suffering from terrorist violence and Islamism yet selected to wrestle these threats vigorously. utilizing fabrics derived from a variety of assets, together with criminal records, officers’ memoirs and fieldwork, this examine will give a contribution to stories in Asian politics and nationwide safeguard, and diplomacy.
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Additional info for Counterterrorism Policies in Central Asia (Central Asian Studies)
Politically, it has become the scene of geopolitical competition between Russia and the United States, a subject of rapidly increasing Chinese inﬂuence, and a casualty of regional rivalry for leadership in Central Asia between Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. The Kyrgyz ethnos, whose history dates back to the second century BC, has been formed by the nomadic tribes traversing the northern part of Central Asia and coming into contact with other peoples in the region. The ﬁrst Kyrgyz state, created in the sixth century, lasted until the Mongolian conquest in the thirteenth century.
In recent years, developing strategic partnership with China has become one of the top priorities for Kyrgyzstan. The rapidly expanding Chinese economy, the growing weight of Beijing in international and regional affairs, the considerable demographic and economic potential of the Chinese, as well as their geographic proximity to Central Asia, have made China an attractive regional partner for Kyrgyzstan (Bakiev 2007). Similar to the Kyrgyz economy, Kyrgyzstan’s national security has largely depended on the security policies and assistance of other states.
The latter group unites ethnic Uighurs, the Muslims of Turkic descent, who reside in the north-western region of China and are seeking to establish an independent state. On several occasions during 1999–2000, the Kyrgyz military forces clashed with the IMU insurgents who were attempting to penetrate the Kyrgyz territory and take hostages from among the Kyrgyz population (Neshkumai 2000). After these raids, the Kyrgyz government declared international terrorism as a threat to Kyrgyzstan’s national security and began hardening its responses toward terrorism and religious extremism.
Counterterrorism Policies in Central Asia (Central Asian Studies) by Mariya Y. Omelicheva