Corpus, cognition and causative constructions by Gaëtanelle Gilquin PDF

By Gaëtanelle Gilquin

ISBN-10: 9027288496

ISBN-13: 9789027288493

English causative structures with cause, get, have and make are frequently mistakenly awarded as (quasi-)synonymous and roughly interchangeable. This e-book demonstrates the price of corpus linguistics in determining the syntactic, semantic, lexical and stylistic positive factors which are specific for every of those structures. It additionally underlines the usefulness of delivering corpus stories with an excellent theoretical origin through exhibiting how corpus linguistics may be fruitfully mixed with cognitive linguistics, that's used either as a kick off point for the research (top-down process) and as a framework during which to interpret the corpus effects (bottom-up approach). From a methodological viewpoint, the examine illustrates the complementarity of corpus and elicitation information, and gives instruments and techniques which may be used to enquire different syntactic buildings. eventually, the e-book additionally has a pedagogical measurement in that it examines how the study findings might be utilized to overseas language instructing.

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Ermák (2002: 273), too, evokes the hazy edges and scalar nature of corpus data and the end of “black-andwhite truths and clear-cut classification boxes”. One important illustration of this is the discovery, in corpus linguistics, that lexicon and grammar interact at every step and are ultimately inseparable (Francis 1993). This observation has led to the extensive study of a hitherto largely unexplored level of language, commonly referred to as “lexico-grammar” and implying the existence of a continuum between lexicon and grammar.

The term as used here will only refer to the post-1970s tradition. Chapter 2. ). Besides this denial of an autonomous linguistic faculty, cognitive linguistics is, according to Croft & Cruse (2004), characterised by two other major hypotheses. One is the view of grammar as conceptualisation. It is argued that “conceptual structure cannot be reduced to a simple truth-conditional correspondence with the world” (ibid. 3). Reality may be construed in different ways, and language is made to reflect these construals, for example by choosing between several alternative expressions for one and the same situation (consider the classic example of the glass that is half empty or half full).

As Croft & Cruse (2004: 2) explain, the organization and retrieval of linguistic knowledge is not significantly different from the organization and retrieval of other knowledge in the mind, and the cognitive abilities that we apply to speaking and understanding language are not significantly different from those applied to other cognitive tasks, such as visual perception, reasoning or motor activity. 3. It should be noted that the term “cognitive” is sometimes used to cover the Chomskyan paradigm as well (cf.

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Corpus, cognition and causative constructions by Gaëtanelle Gilquin

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