Download e-book for kindle: Corpus and sociolinguistics : investigating age and gender by Bróna Murphy

By Bróna Murphy

ISBN-10: 9027223122

ISBN-13: 9789027223128

ISBN-10: 9027288615

ISBN-13: 9789027288615

Age is through some distance the main underdeveloped of the sociolinguistic variables by way of examine literature. To-date, study on age has been patchy and has usually interested by the early life-stages resembling formative years and youth, ignoring, for the main half, fit maturity as a level invaluable of scrutiny. This publication examines the discourse of maturity and bills for sociolinguistic version, as regards to age and gender, during the exploration of a 90,000 notice age-and gender-differentiated spoken corpus of Irish English. The booklet explores either the distribution and use of a couple of excessive frequency pragmatic beneficial properties of spoken discourse that seem as key goods within the corpus. half 1 of the e-book offers an creation, a theoretical assessment of age as a sociolinguistic variable and an outline on the right way to assemble a small spoken corpus for sociolinguistic examine. half 2 involves 5 chapters which examine and discover key positive aspects equivalent to hedges, obscure classification markers, intensifiers, boosters and high-frequent goods of taboo language on the subject of the variables, age and gender. The ebook is of curiosity to undergraduates or postgraduates taking formal classes in sociolinguistics, utilized linguistics, pragmatics or discourse research. it's also of curiosity to scholars and researchers attracted to utilizing corpus linguistics in sociolinguistic study.

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Additional info for Corpus and sociolinguistics : investigating age and gender in female talk

Example text

While large corpora are, without a doubt, essential when examining relatively infrequent words and the generality of its lexical use (Coxhead 2000), smaller corpora can also yield fruitful results depending on the aims of the research. Biber (1990), for example, shows how samples as small as 1,000 words are large enough to provide reliable results when focusing on grammatical items such as pronouns or tense. Small corpora are advantageous over large corpora especially when searching for high-frequency items as the amount of data the researcher has to work with is more manageable than the large quantities derived from multi-million word corpora.

Chapter 2. Contextualising age-related research One such area that stands to benefit from DA is a particular branch of sociolinguistics, that is, linguistic variation and change. While the basic elicitation tool in the collection of data consisted of the sociolinguistic interview method (Labov 1984; Milroy, L. 1987), more recent research into sociolinguistic variation has relied on capturing naturally-occurring spoken language in context (Stenström 1995; Holmes 1997; Andersen 2001). However, as in any study whose aim it is to illustrate sociolinguistic variation in naturally occurring language in context, a number of approaches to examining discourse must be called upon.

For example, definitions range from formalist and structuralist definitions to functionalist. The formalist or structuralist definitions claim that discourse is language above the sentence or above the clause (Hymes 1974). They focus primarily on the way different units function in relation to each other (Schiffrin 2000) and generally disregard the functional relations within the context of which discourse is a part (van Dijk 1984: 4). In contrast, the functionalist definitions are fundamentally concerned with language use stating that “the study of discourse is the study of any aspect of language use” (Fasold 1990: 65).

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Corpus and sociolinguistics : investigating age and gender in female talk by Bróna Murphy


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