James Ciment's Colonial America: An Encyclopedia of Social, Political, PDF

By James Ciment

ISBN-10: 0765680653

ISBN-13: 9780765680655

No period in American historical past has been extra attention-grabbing to american citizens, or extra serious to the final word future of the us, than the colonial period. among the time that the 1st ecu settlers demonstrated a colony at Jamestown in 1607 throughout the signing of the statement of Independence, the outlines of America's designated political tradition, economic climate, social existence, and cultural styles had began to emerge. Designed to enrich the highschool American background curriculum in addition to undergraduate survey classes, "Colonial the United States: An Encyclopedia of Social, Political, Cultural, and monetary historical past" captures all of it: the folks, associations, principles, and occasions of the 1st 300 years of yank background. whereas it specializes in the 13 British colonies stretching alongside the Atlantic, Colonial the US units this background in its higher contexts. Entries additionally conceal Canada, the yank Southwest and Mexico, and the Caribbean and Atlantic international at once impacting the background of the 13 colonies. This encyclopedia explores the entire early historical past of what might develop into the USA, together with graphics of local American lifestyles within the speedy pre-contact interval, early Spanish exploration, and the 1st settlements via Spanish, French, Dutch, Swedish, and English colonists. This huge five-volume set brings America's colonial history vibrantly to lifestyles for trendy readers. It comprises: thematic essays on significant concerns and issues; exact A-Z entries on hundreds and hundreds of individuals, associations, occasions, and concepts; thematic and neighborhood chronologies; hundreds of thousands of illustrations; fundamental records; and a word list and a number of indexes.

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Read e-book online Colonial America: An Encyclopedia of Social, Political, PDF

No period in American historical past has been extra attention-grabbing to american citizens, or extra serious to the last word future of the USA, than the colonial period. among the time that the 1st eu settlers validated a colony at Jamestown in 1607 during the signing of the assertion of Independence, the outlines of America's specified political tradition, economic climate, social existence, and cultural styles had all started to emerge.

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Extra resources for Colonial America: An Encyclopedia of Social, Political, Cultural, and Economic History

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The first generations had experienced some level of autonomy and equality, but the spread of the plantation worsened the conditions of African American life. African Americans struggled to maintain family ties and were isolated on large plantations. Because of the strenuousness of plantation life, they also died younger. Race took on new importance, and racist laws and policies began to emerge, curtailing Africans' activity in several arenas. As they confronted the harsh realities of plantation life, Africans created new institutions and worldviews that allowed them to survive slavery.

Small family farms were most common in the colonies, except in the South where plantations began to evolve. Houses were often crudely made and small, and most farm families manufactured their own tools and products, relying little on the outside world. Even if the farmers' role in government and policy making would not be established for many years, it wasn't long before the ownership of land became the standard for wealth and status in all of the colonies. Agricultural Technology In the beginning, technology was limited.

The revised plan also gave more control over western frontier land to the colonies. The committee even suggested imposing a Stamp Tax to fund greater bureaucratic efficiency and coordination. The revised proposal went to the main body of delegates on June 28. It was debated until July 10, with additional features such as the requirement of an Act of Parliament to legalize the union and the reapportionment every three years of the number of delegates. Although the motion passed unanimously at Albany, it was received poorly by the assemblies and councils of the colonies themselves, who were startled by the surrender of Virginia militia to the French in the Ohio Valley and distracted by the impending Revolutionary War.

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Colonial America: An Encyclopedia of Social, Political, Cultural, and Economic History by James Ciment


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