By Rakesh Pathak
This booklet presents in-depth details on clusterbean, its cultivation, genetic development, plant security measures, administration of abiotic stresses, molecular elements and so forth. it really is divided into seven chapters together with an advent to the crop, customers, constraints, genetic development, variability, program of clusterbean gum and its byproducts, cultivation, plant safeguard, physiological and abiotic tension elements, besides comparable genetic markers and biotechnological advances.
Clusterbean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub.), generally known as ‘guar,’ is a vital leguminous crop grown for seed, eco-friendly fodder, vegetable and eco-friendly manuring in arid and semi-arid areas and has a distinct advertisement function as a result of gum content material in its seeds. India’s arid surroundings presents perfect agro-climatic stipulations for the profitable cultivation of clusterbean, because the plant wishes little floor water, long-duration sunshine and coffee relative humidity in the course of the cropping season. India money owed for almost eighty two percentage of worldwide clusterbean seed creation, making it an immense export product.
in line with crucial and industry info, the booklet bargains a complete evaluate of this special crop, and should be of curiosity to researchers lively within the box of clusterbean breeding.
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Extra info for Clusterbean: Physiology, Genetics and Cultivation
The pods/plant, pod length, pod weight and pod breadth had positive direct effect 26 2 Genetic Improvement and Variability on vegetable pod yield/plant. , pods/plant, pod length, ten fresh pod weight and pod breadth may be the potential traits for selection of higher yielding vegetable pod genotypes. Genetic path coefficient analyses showed that pods/plant and 100-seed weight were important factors in determining seed yield whereas, seeds/pod was least important indicating that most of the yield components contributes via number of clusters/plant and had maximum direct effect as well as positive correlations with yield (Arora and Gupta 1981) and revealed positive association of number of seeds/pod, number of branches/plant and number of seeds/pod with the seed yield.
1965). Mutation induction using both physical and chemical mutagens suggest that the lower doses of irradiation coupled with chemical mutagens are popular for in vitro mutation (Medina et al. 2004). In clusterbean the mutagenic efficiency and effectiveness were decreased with an increase in the dose of gamma rays or concentration of EMS in alone or gamma rays followed by EMS in combination treatments. Gamma rays in alone induced more mutagenic efficiency due to their high penetrating power as compared to EMS in alone or gamma rays followed by EMS in combination treatments (Dube et al.
1975). 8 %) in the cotyledons has been reported by Shinde and Bhargava (1968). Joshi et al. 5 %) in seeds of various species of clusterbean. Ahmed et al. 7 % carbohydrate in clusterbean seeds. It was also noticed that the fatty acid composition of clusterbean oil is generally similar to the common edible oils (Singh and Misra 1981). Further, it was observed that C. tetragonoloba has higher oil content as compared to other Cyamopsis species (Arora et al. 1991). 25 % protein. The most abundant minerals and fatty acids detected in seeds were iron and cis-linoleic acid (Badr et al.
Clusterbean: Physiology, Genetics and Cultivation by Rakesh Pathak