By Ted Sanders, Eve Sweetser
All languages of the area supply their audio system with linguistic capacity to specific causal family in discourse. Causal connectives and causative auxiliaries are one of the salient markers of causal construals. Cognitive scientists and linguists have an interest in how a lot of this causal modeling is restricted to a given tradition and language, and what kind of is attribute of normal human cognition. audio system of English, for instance, can choose from simply because and because or among for that reason and so. How various are those from the alternatives made via Dutch audio system, who communicate a heavily comparable language, yet (unlike English audio system) have a committed marker for non-volitional causality (daardoor)? The relevant query during this quantity is: What parameters of categorization form using causal connectives and auxiliary verbs throughout languages? The publication discusses how variations among even rather heavily similar languages (English, Dutch, Polish) may help us to tricky the typology of degrees and different types of causation represented in language. furthermore, the amount demonstrates convergence of linguistic, corpus-linguistic and psycholinguistic methodologies in opting for cognitive different types of causality. the elemental inspiration of causality seems to be an amazing linguistic phenomenon to supply an summary of tools and, maybe extra importantly, invoke a dialogue at the so much enough methodological ways to check primary matters in language and cognition.
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Extra resources for Causal Categories in Discourse and Cognition
As in (1), S remains implicit in the first part (P), but S and A are referred to by we in the second part (Q). Again, both causal connection and speech act utterance are construed in one and the same space. This speech act use is one of the ways in which dus is used. A second case is the epistemic use. (2) Het licht bij de buren is uit. Dus ze zijn niet thuis. ) Here, the speaker observes something and we see her mental processes of inference at work: She concludes here and now that knowing that P (the lights being out) implies Q (the neighbors are gone).
For instance, we have argued that volitional causal relations in First Person (“So I went swimming”) have the same configuration as those in a corresponding Third Person example (“So Jan went swimming”). In other words, it is the nature of the volitional causal relation rather than Perspective or Grammatical Person which determines the configuration. This proposal can lead to interesting predictions to be tested in processing studies. In fact, it may lead to the right explanations for some existing neurocognitive findings.
2) Het licht bij de buren is uit. Dus ze zijn niet thuis. ‘The neighbors’ lights are out. ’ (7) Het was een warme dag. Daarom ging Jan zwemmen. ‘It was a hot day. ’ 21 Daardoor ‘as a result’ in (3) expresses a simple cause-consequence relation in the content domain, (2) can only be interpreted as an epistemic conclusion that is expressed by dus ‘so/therefore’ and daarom ‘that’s why’ in (7) expresses the reason for an intentional action in S2. Several studies have shown that these connective-characteristics are robust, and vary from strong preferences to clear restrictions on the relations they can express (Pander Maat and Sanders 2000, 2001; Stukker 2005).
Causal Categories in Discourse and Cognition by Ted Sanders, Eve Sweetser