By Dr. L. Antonio Curet
In keeping with the eu chronicles, on the time of touch, the higher Antilles have been inhabited by way of the Tainos or Arawak Indians, who have been prepared in hierarchical societies. considering that its inception Carribean archaeology has used inhabitants as a big variable in explaining many social, political, and financial methods resembling migration, adjustments in subsistence structures, and the advance of institutionalized social stratification. In Caribbean Paleodemography, L. Antonio Curet argues that inhabitants has been used casually by way of Caribbean archaeologists and proposes extra rigorous and promising ways that demographic elements might be included in our modeling of prior human habit. He analyzes a few demographic matters in Island archaeology at a number of degrees of research, together with inter- and intra-island migration, sporting skill, inhabitants constructions, variables in prehistory, cultural adjustments, and the connection with fabric tradition and social improvement. With this paintings, Curet brings jointly the various theories on higher Antilles island populations and the social and political forces governing their progress and migration.
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Additional info for Caribbean Paleodemography: Population, Culture History, and Sociopolitical Processes in Ancient Puerto Rico
Anthropologists also recognize that the decision to migrate can be made out of the perception that life would be better elsewhere. Although this perception may be informed by some hard data, it does not require a perfect knowledge of the environment, as is assumed by many economic models. Perception is difficult to measure among modern populations and virtually impossible to measure in ancient populations. Many of the economic models, especially of the demand-supply principles variety, also tend to overlook the social and cultural factors involved in even the most insignificant and mundane subsistence strategies.
In practice, Rouse's methodology defines the movement of material modes that are used to define cultures and does not consider the actual social groups that move and all the social processes and aspects related to them (see below). Thus, Rouse's approach cannot be considered a true theory of migration, but more a methodology to track the dispersal of modes through time and space. In addition to determining places of origin and migration routes, several Caribbean researchers (including Rouse) have attempted to go further by discerning the reasons for the migration.
J This passage also suggests a troubling contradiction in Rouse's work on migrations. While he admits that small groups of people and perhaps a "complex" or style migrate, he also clearly argues that style (or complex) is not the appropriate unit from which to infer migration. Instead, he recommends using the series as the unit to identify migration in the archaeological record. " However, as Anthony (1990:908) has pointed out, "'Cultures' do not migrate. " The difference between a Rousian perspective and Anthony's is not trivial for understanding migration processes, and, in fact, is the source of many unresolved issues in Caribbean archaeology.
Caribbean Paleodemography: Population, Culture History, and Sociopolitical Processes in Ancient Puerto Rico by Dr. L. Antonio Curet