Get Biomedical Ethics Reviews · 1987 PDF

By Barry Hoffmaster, Sarah Bachrach (auth.), James M. Humber, Robert F. Almeder (eds.)

ISBN-10: 1475746369

ISBN-13: 9781475746365

ISBN-10: 1592594425

ISBN-13: 9781592594429

Biomedical Ethics studies • 1987 is the 5th quantity in a chain of texts designed to study and replace the literature on problems with vital significance in bioethics this present day. 3 subject matters are mentioned within the current quantity: (1) Prescribing medicinal drugs for the elderly and loss of life; (2) Animals as a resource of Human Transplant Organs, and (3) The Nurse's function: Rights and tasks. every one subject constitutes a separate sec­ tion in our textual content; introductory essays in brief summarize the contents of every part. Bioethics is, via its nature, interdisciplinary in personality. spotting this truth, the authors represented within the current quantity have made each attempt to reduce using techni­ cal jargon. even as, we think the aim of professional­ viding a evaluation of the new literature, in addition to of advancing bioethical dialogue, is admirably served via the items col­ lected herein. we glance ahead to the following quantity in our sequence, and extremely a lot desire the reader will also.

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Extra info for Biomedical Ethics Reviews · 1987

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Med. 302,1434-1440. 4M. 4. Prescribing Drugs for the Aged and Dying Ron Yezzi Introduction In the treatment of the aged and dying, decisions about drugs tend to be overshadowed by questions about the general goals of care for terminal patients and by more dramatic issues such as the use of resuscitation, feeding tubes, and respirators. Yet prescribing drugs is almost always an essential part of total patient care and is thus worthy of special comment. Drugs are often vital to preserving life and controlling pain.

We may not accept the conclusion with enthusiasm; but we should find it better than the alternatives. Of course, we want full background information in a particular case; and we want to be sure that all reasonable alternatives are considered. Nevertheless, we still arrive at the conclusion that the five ethical principles considered justify carrying out some autonomous persons' requests for use of a drug that brings about death. Moreover, to deny these requests when it means that patients will resort to other measures, less likely to be effective or often more violent (such as overdosing on tranquilizers or putting a gun to the head), raises serious questions about whether or not the medical profession is providing proper care.

Fear of malpractice litigation, personal anxieties about death, the worry that the patient might become addicted, and the increased work that count- 28 Barry Hoffmaster and Sarah Bachrach ing narcotics on every shift entails for nurses are all otiose reasons. To some extent, the issue is empirical. Is heroin really more effective than morphine in controlling pain? Would the legalization of heroin for pain control really make the drug more easily available in communities at a time when society is waging war on recreational drug use?

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Biomedical Ethics Reviews · 1987 by Barry Hoffmaster, Sarah Bachrach (auth.), James M. Humber, Robert F. Almeder (eds.)

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