New PDF release: Bidirectional Optimality Theory

By Anton Benz, Jason Mattausch

ISBN-10: 9027255636

ISBN-13: 9789027255631

Bidirectional Optimality Theory (BiOT) emerged on the flip of the millennium as a fusion of Radical Pragmatics and Optimality Theoretic Semantics. It stirred a wealth of latest examine within the pragmatics‑semantics interface and seriously stimulated e.g. the improvement of evolutionary and online game theoretic ways. Optimality concept holds that linguistic output should be understood because the optimized items of ranked constraints. on the centre of BiOT is the perception that this optimisation has to occur either in construction and interpretation, and that the production-interpretation cycle has to steer again to the unique enter. BiOT is now more often than not interpreted as an outline of diachronically reliable and cognitively optimum form–meaning pairs. It came across purposes past the semantics-pragmatics interface in language acquisition, historic linguistics, phonology, syntax, and typology. This booklet offers a cutting-edge evaluate of those advancements. It collects 9 chapters by means of best scientists within the box.

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Extra resources for Bidirectional Optimality Theory

Example text

The Harmonic Mind: From Neural Computation to OptimalityTheoretic Grammar. Cambridge MA: The MIT Press. Sperber, D. & Wilson, D. 1986. Relevance: Communication and Cognition. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press. van Rooij, R. 2004a. Relevance and Bidirectional Optimality Theory. In Optimality Theory and Pragmatics, R. Blutner & H. Zeevat (eds), 173–210. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. van Rooij, R. 2004b. Signalling Games select Horn Strategies. Linguistics and Philosophy 27: 493–527. van Rooij, R.

The model allows for ambiguities in language, in contrast to Blutner’s symmetric BiOT, but raises the question of how a simulated production process can actually help to resolve the ambiguities and to find the intended interpretation. e. the conditional probability of M given an occurrence of F. By Bayes’s theorem this is equivalent to maximising p(M) p(Fâ•›|â•›M). But for calculating p(Fâ•›|â•›M) the hearer can use his own production OT. This provides the core of the answer to the question of how the brain is applying its production OT for finding the intended Bidirectional Optimality Theory  interpretation.

BiOT played an important role for the development of game theoretic pragmatics. As already mentioned, it was in particular the search for a solid foundation for the principle of weak optimality that led to the investigation of game theoretic models. Here belongs (Dekker & van Rooy 2000). Evolutionary game theory (Weibull 1995) was first explored by (van Rooij 2004b), and was later turned into a respectable framework for linguistics by G. Jäger (2007a; 2007b). Kris De Jaegher (2008) also proposed an evolutionary explanation of Horn’s division of pragmatic labour.

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Bidirectional Optimality Theory by Anton Benz, Jason Mattausch

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