By Julia Annas, Alfred R. Mele, Martha C. Nussbaum, John McDowell, Richard Kraut, John M. Cooper, Rosalind Hursthouse, Nancy Sherman, J. L. Ackrill, Myles F. Burnyeat, Marcia L. Homiak, T. H. Irwin, L. A. Kosman
The ethics of Aristotle (384-322 B.C.), and advantage ethics ordinarily, have visible a resurgence of curiosity over the last few many years. now not do utilitarianism and Kantian ethics all alone dominate the ethical panorama. furthermore, Aristotelian issues fill out that panorama, with such matters because the significance of friendship and feelings in an exceptional existence, the function of ethical belief in clever selection, the character of happiness and its structure, ethical schooling and habituation, discovering a sturdy domestic in modern ethical debate. The essays during this quantity characterize the simplest of that discuss. Taken jointly, they supply a detailed research of imperative arguments in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics. yet they do greater than that. every one indicates the long-lasting curiosity of the questions Aristotle himself subtly and complexly increases within the context of his personal modern discussions.
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Additional info for Aristotle's Ethics: Critical Essays (Critical Essays on the Classics Series)
The same concern for the exercise of practical reason will encourage someone to choose goals that allow practical reason in their pursuit, in preference to goals that do not allow it. This means that a wise person will not choose as his primary goals those that leave little or no scope for practical reason because they depend heavily on fortune and external circumstances. If I see this, I will not choose success in winning lotteries, or any other sort of success that depends almost entirely on chance, as my ultimate and overriding end.
OT 1204, Seneca, Epistolae Morales 92. 22, mentions the appropriate distinction, between non beatus and miser. 18. This notion of dominance is used by Antiochus in his defence of an (allegedly) Aristotelian view in Cicero, de Finibus V. 92. Passages such as llOOb25-6 might have suggested to Antiochus the distinction between being beatus, for which virtue is sufficient, and being beattssimus, for which external goods are also needed, and encouraged him to ascribe it to Aristotle. His mistake is to suppose that in these passages Aristotle thinks virtue is sufficient for the happiness that can be increased by external goods.
Aristotle accepts, indeed stresses, this result, to explain the dissolution of friendships; if we were friends, but my character changes for the worse, I am no longer the person you were friendly to, and you are released from the obligations special to friends 20 T. H. Irwin (1l65b20-36). These claims are reasonable only if Aristotle thinks that the persistence of the person includes the persistence of his states of character. We are justified, then, in ascribing to Aristotle the claims about persistent characters and persistent persons that support his preference for stability and inflexibility.
Aristotle's Ethics: Critical Essays (Critical Essays on the Classics Series) by Julia Annas, Alfred R. Mele, Martha C. Nussbaum, John McDowell, Richard Kraut, John M. Cooper, Rosalind Hursthouse, Nancy Sherman, J. L. Ackrill, Myles F. Burnyeat, Marcia L. Homiak, T. H. Irwin, L. A. Kosman