By Richard A. Gould
Maritime archaeology offers with shipwrecks and is performed through divers instead of diggers..It embraces maritime heritage and analyzes alterations in ship-building, navigation, and seamanship, and provides clean views at the cultures and societies that produced the ships and sailors. Drawing on targeted prior and up to date case reviews, Richard A. Gould offers an up to date assessment of the sector that incorporates dramatic new findings bobbing up from superior undersea applied sciences. This moment version of Archaeology and the Social background of Ships has been up-to-date all through to mirror new findings and new interpretations of outdated websites. the recent variation explores advances in undersea expertise in archaeology, specifically remotely operated autos. The publication reports a few of the significant contemporary shipwreck findings, together with the Vasa in Stockholm, the Viking wrecks at Roskilde Fjord, and the massive.
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Extra resources for Archaeology and the Social History of Ships
Intuition and Science Unexpected connections between seemingly unrelated phenomena sometimes point the way to conclusions about archaeological findings. Maritime archaeologist George Bass offers as an example the case of the so-called ox-hide ingots found as cargoes in Bronze Age shipwrecks. The received wisdom at the time this interpretation was widely accepted was that these four-handled ingots were made in the shape of prepared ox-hides. During a visit to a foundry in Philadelphia, Bass saw copper being cast in open molds, and the surfaces exposed to air exhibited the same rough surface texture as that of the Bronze Age ingots.
Survey Archaeologists have long employed two kinds of sampling approaches – random and stratified. Both are probability-based survey methods (Nance, 1983), and they are sometimes described as “siteless surveys” (Dunnell and Dancey, 1983) because they identify and record the distribution of observed cultural materials over landscapes without regard for a priori designations of particular localities as sites. The assumption here is that sites need to be identified by repeatable scientific methods rather than assumed to be present beforehand.
This meant that, as a plateau in the diffusion of chlorides was reached, it was time to change to a fresh solution of sodium hydroxide in the electrolytic bath. Conservation can be a lengthy process, requiring more than 5 years for the complete treatment of some guns and three, or even four, changes of the sodium hydroxide solution. Studies of the porosity of the corroded metal in each case and careful monitoring of the treatment rates for each gun in a total of 26 guns from 10 wreck sites revealed a method for calculating the number of days it would take to reach the first and successive chloride plateaus in the electrolysis solutions.
Archaeology and the Social History of Ships by Richard A. Gould