By Ato Kwamena Onoma
Utilizing comparative instances from Guinea, Uganda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo, this learn explains why a few refugee-hosting groups release large-scale assaults on civilian refugees whereas others chorus from such assaults even if inspired to take action by means of country officers. Ato Kwamena Onoma argues that those assaults occur the place governments instigate them as a result of hyperlinks among a number of refugees and significant competition teams within the host kingdom. there's an expanding tendency for students to target militarized refugees and view refugees as propagators, rather than sufferers, of violence. Onoma reorients the research of refugees again to a spotlight at the disempowered civilian refugees that represent the vast majority of refugees even in situations of critical refugee militarization, and gives feedback for broader realizing of and coverage recommendations for refugee politics and violence.
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Extra resources for Anti-Refugee Violence and African Politics
25 What this sort of state capacity cannot do is protect refugees from more particularistic attacks and routine abuses. Dealing with these requires what Mann calls infrastructural power. 22 23 24 25 Cambridge University Press, 1990); Robert H. Bates, When things fell apart: state failure in late century Africa (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008); and Herbst, States and power; Merilee Grindle, Challenging the state: crisis and innovation in Latin America and Africa (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996); and William Reno, Warlord politics and African states (London: Lynne Reinner, 1998), 26 Michael Mann, “The autonomous power of the state: its origins, mechanisms and results,” European Journal of Sociology 25 (1984): 185–213.
Like many African capitals, it was home to many military bases and installations, which gave it a relatively high level of safety. However, the citizens there responded enthusiastically to the president’s call. Meanwhile, many of the 30 31 32 and settlements in Guinea, 1999–2004,” in No refuge: the crisis of refugee militarization in Africa, ed. Robert Muggah (London: Zed Books, 2006), 52; and Alexis Arieff, “Still standing: neighborhood wars and political stability in Guinea,” Journal of Modern African Studies 47 (3–2009): 343.
Robert Muggah (London: Zed Books, 2006), 52; and Alexis Arieff, “Still standing: neighborhood wars and political stability in Guinea,” Journal of Modern African Studies 47 (3–2009): 343. , Emory University, 2004), 555–562. McGovern, “Conflit r´egional,” 85. 16 Anti-Refugee Violence and African Politics towns in Yomou and Gu´eck´edou prefectures where Guineans refrained from attacking refugees were only a few kilometers from the frontline. Some were just a stone’s throw from the border. They witnessed intermittent incursions by rebels throughout the 1990s and lived in daily fear of the rebels crossing the rivers that formed the international boundary.
Anti-Refugee Violence and African Politics by Ato Kwamena Onoma