Anarchism and Education: A Philosophical Perspective - download pdf or read online

By Judith Suissa

ISBN-10: 0203965620

ISBN-13: 9780203965627

ISBN-10: 0415371945

ISBN-13: 9780415371940

Exploring the overlooked culture of anarchist schooling, this e-book exhibits how the tips generally linked to anarchism can lend a worthy standpoint to philosophical debates on schooling, and supply a motivating imaginative and prescient for academics and academic coverage makers. In concentrating on the academic rules linked to social anarchists, Judith Suissa offers an in depth account of the relevant gains of anarchist inspiration, dispelling a few universal misconceptions approximately anarchism and demonstrating how a failure to understand the the most important function of schooling in anarchist thought is usually accountable for the dismissal of anarchism as a coherent place by means of either lecturers and most of the people. The publication additionally establishes that anarchist schooling is a different culture that differs in very important respects shape libertarian or child-centered schooling, with which it is usually mistakenly conflated. Anarchism and schooling deals an historic account of anarchist principles and experiments, and situates those within the framework of up to date debates within the philosophy of schooling and political philosophy. Anarchism is in comparison with Liberal and Marxist traditions, with specific emphasis at the proposal of human nature, which, it truly is argued, is the foremost to greedy the function of schooling in anarchist proposal, and at the idea of utopianism. the connection among anarchist principles and problems with pedagogy, institution weather, curriculum and coverage are explored, resulting in a extensive dialogue of the political and social context of academic rules. the point of view coming up from this account is used to provide a trenchant critique of a few present traits in academic idea and coverage, similar to demands loose markets in academic provision.

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Extra resources for Anarchism and Education: A Philosophical Perspective (Routledge International Studies in the Philosophy of Education)

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Leroy S. Rouner, for example, in his book on human nature, has noted that the ‘positive view of human nature’ – that is, the idea that humans have an inherent capacity for goodness – ‘is deepseated within the liberal tradition with which most of us identify ourselves’ (Rouner 1997). Ritter, too, has noted this convergence between the liberal and the anarchist view, but he goes further, claiming that the liberal outlook is, like that of the anarchists, essentially dualistic, involving a rejection of the idea that ‘malevolence is always dominant everywhere’ and at the same time denying that benevolence is the universally dominant motive (Ritter 1980: 118).

Kroptkin sometimes seems to suggest that it is social institutions themselves which will do this job – creating conditions of social equality and justice under which mutual aid would flourish. But, as Morland notes, he did acknowledge that ‘egoism and self-assertion survive in anarchy as sociability and mutual aid endures in capitalism’ (Morland 1997: 170). Morland and other critics seem ultimately to regard this point as the downfall of Kropotkin’s whole philosophical system, arguing that it leads to the inevitable use of coercion to maintain the future anarcho-communist society.

One response to it, of course, is to argue that it is precisely because of their awareness of this tension that anarchists assigned such a central place to education. In order for a social-anarchist society to work, in other words, education – both formal and informal – would have to continue to promote and support the values on which the society was founded. Furthermore, because of the anarchist view of human nature, according to which stateless, social anarchist communities would not need to change human nature but merely to draw out moral qualities and tendencies already present, this view escapes charges of ‘character moulding’ or coercion by means of education – processes which are inimical to the anarchist position.

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Anarchism and Education: A Philosophical Perspective (Routledge International Studies in the Philosophy of Education) by Judith Suissa

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