By Neil J. Mitchell
Who's liable for the fear, atrocities, and violations of human rights that happen in civil wars? Blame could be at once attributed to the particular perpetrators of the massacres, rapes, and pillaging--but it could possibly even be put on the leaders who usually cover at the back of their ambivalent orders. putting accountability sincerely within the palms of political management, Mitchell explores the interplay of leaders, their administration practices and repressive regulations, utilizing the Arab-Israeli clash and the English and Russian civil wars to make clear whilst leaders are roughly prone to flip to atrocities to accomplish their pursuits. With civil wars carrying on with to rage world wide, Agents of Atrocity offers a well timed historical past of atrocities and the leaders and henchmen who carried them out, whereas delivering a brand new context for knowing why they ensue and the way they are often avoided within the future.
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Extra info for Agents of Atrocity: Leaders, Followers, and the Violation of Human Rights in Civil War
The Russian Civil War achieved a high degree of specialization in the task of repression. ” Cromwell fought at Drogheda, led the assault on the fortifications, and ordered no quarter. Lenin was no soldier but killed far more. The book begins with what we know about human rights violations and the argument that I am trying to develop. Taking as a starting point leaders, their perceptions of the world they were making, and the details of their institutional relationships, rather than the macro- Machiavelli, the Grand Inquisitor, and Count Tilly’s Reward / 25 institutional, cultural, or structural environment, is both an analytically and morally more satisfactory approach to this subject matter.
1 Following this path, I explore the motives of Machiavelli, the Grand Inquisitor, and Count Tilly and his men, for it is they who design and carry out violations. ”2 Machiavelli puts leadership at the center of his political theory. He argues that leadership has to work with a realistic view of how human beings actually are, not how we want them to be, in order to be successful. They actually are selfish, ambitious, untrustworthy, and danger-avoiding, and a leader must work with these characteristics to gain and hold power.
Experience has confirmed the narcissism of minor differences with a vengeance. Experiments, referred to as “minimal group” experiments, reveal that people, without cultural or social ties or connections, are willing to identify with each other on the flimsiest of pretexts. For example, experimenters showed people a picture with dots on it and assigned them to either a group that counted too many dots or a group that counted too few. Similarly, researchers used artistic preference as the categorizer, dividing people into groups based on whether they preferred Klee to Kandinsky.
Agents of Atrocity: Leaders, Followers, and the Violation of Human Rights in Civil War by Neil J. Mitchell