By Shadi Mokhtari
Mokhtari's ebook examines the adjustments within the human rights discourse within the usa and the center East after the maltreatment and torture of the U.S. captives within the Abu Ghraib and different prisons turned public. during the textual content research of speeches and information reviews, in addition to in-depth interviews with human rights NGO officers, she makes an intensive overview that either credit and criticizes the NGOs. Mokhtari exhibits that human rights advocacy has been profitable in pushing the U.S. courts and Congress to acknowledge the relevance of foreign human rights legislations.
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Extra resources for After Abu Ghraib: Exploring Human Rights in America and the Middle East
T. S. htm. 38 Memorandum from Alberto Gonzales, White House Counsel to George W. Bush (Jan. 25, 2002), reprinted in supra note 26, at 120. S. Department of Justice, Office of Legal Counsel, to Alberto R. Gonzales, Counsel to the President (Aug. 1, 2002), reprinted in supra note 26, at 220. , 2006). AMERICAN IMAGININGS OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND THE MIDDLE EAST 37 within the realm of use of force. The UN charter recognizes the legitimate use of force only in instances of self-defense or when the use of force is authorized by the Security Council.
12 In other words, at some level the moral evaluations and international reputation to which constructivist analysis gives so much weight does come to play in the American context. To varying degrees both American and Middle Eastern human rights advocates adhere to these constructions despite also holding genuine aspirations for the United States to join and comply with the international human rights regime. In several interviews in Yemen, I encountered this internalization of the notions that American action is inherently compatible with human rights and that the American regime of rights was an unblemished model for others to follow.
In this account, the United States is not just a member of a community of 21 22 AFTER ABU GHRAIB states with an entrenched liberal rights-based tradition; it serves as a model to which others generally aspire. Quoting Ian Johnstone, “US ‘nationalism’ is rooted not in land or people, but in a set of values that, in principle, everyone can embrace. ”1 Accordingly, important aspects of American identity pertaining to human rights are relational and dialogical. In the American imagination, serious human rights violations are always to be found in non-Western locales thought to be paralyzed by the grips of backward cultural and religious contexts and perpetual political and economic crises.
After Abu Ghraib: Exploring Human Rights in America and the Middle East by Shadi Mokhtari