Download PDF by David W. Phillipson: African Archaeology

By David W. Phillipson

ISBN-10: 0521832365

ISBN-13: 9780521832366

David Phillipson offers an illustrated account of African prehistory, from the origins of humanity via eu colonization during this revised and increased version of his unique paintings. Phillipson considers Egypt and North Africa of their African context, comprehensively reviewing the archaeology of West, East, important and Southern Africa. His e-book demonstrates the relevance of archaeological examine to figuring out modern Africa and stresses the continent's contribution to the cultural historical past of humankind.

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As noted above, the sites comprise dolomite or limestone caves where fossil bones became incorporated in earthy deposits which have since hardened to produce the rock-like material known as breccia. The first discovery was made during quarrying operations at Taung, near the Harts River 130 kilometres north of Kimberley, in 1924 (Fig. 17). It consisted The emergence of humankind in Africa Fig. 17: Calcified breccia and travertine deposits at Taung. The cairn in the foreground commemorates the discovery of Australopithecus africanus in 1924.

Details of individual sites with their archaeological components and interpretations will follow in later sections. 4 million years ago (White et al. 1994). Originally attributed to the genus Australopithecus, this creature had teeth rather like those of a chimpanzee, although it was probably largely bipedal; it evidently inhabited a moist The emergence of humankind in Africa 27 woodland environment. 9 million years old, are remains of Australopithecus anamensis from two sites in the Lake Turkana basin of northern Kenya (M.

The same deposits at Laetoli included layers of hardened ash-covered mud in which were preserved a remarkable series of footprints of hominids and other creatures (Fig. 12), supplementing the evidence of the fossil bones that A. afarensis had a fully bipedal gait. No artefacts have been recovered from the Laetoli deposits, but at Hadar and in the Middle Awash Basin small numbers of apparently artificially flaked cobbles (Fig. 6 million years ago (H. Roche and Tiercelin 1980; J. W. K. Harris 1983; Kimbel et al.

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African Archaeology by David W. Phillipson

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