Karin Aijmer, Bengt Altenberg's Advances in Corpus-based Contrastive Linguistics: Studies in PDF

By Karin Aijmer, Bengt Altenberg

ISBN-10: 9027203598

ISBN-13: 9789027203595

Contrastive stories have skilled a dramatic revival within the final a long time. by way of combining the methodological merits of computing device corpus linguistics and the potential of contrasting texts in or extra languages, the constitution and use of languages should be explored with larger accuracy, aspect and empirical energy than ahead of. The strategy has additionally proved to have fruitful functional purposes in a few components resembling language instructing, lexicography, translation reviews and computer-aided translation. This quantity comprises twelve reports evaluating linguistic phenomena in English and 7 different languages. the themes variety from comparisons of particular lexical different types and notice mixtures to syntactic buildings and discourse phenomena reminiscent of solidarity and thematic constitution. The experiences spotlight similarities and transformations within the use, semantics and services of the in comparison goods, in addition to the emergence of recent meanings and language swap. The emphasis varies from in basic terms linguistic reports to these concentrating on sensible purposes.

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Extra resources for Advances in Corpus-based Contrastive Linguistics: Studies in honour of Stig Johansson

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Both these types of verbs can be further divided with reference to the medium: Ground, Water and Air. Bodily locomotion verbs refer to the major body part that is used and the way of moving it. Movement on foot is the major type of self-movement for human beings. There is a major contrast between walking, which can be defined as moving on foot always touching ground (ATG), and running, which does not have this restriction. Both of these verbs have numerous troponyms in Swedish as in English. Directional verbs, verbs which incorporate a direction, do exist in Swedish in spite of the fact that it is a satellite-framed language, but such verbs have a much more restricted use in Swedish than in a typical verb-framed language.

Seeing the lexical profile of Swedish through multilingual corpora The case of Swedish åka and other vehicle verbs Åke Viberg Uppsala University The typological distinction between verb-framed and satellite-framed languages is informative but is today regarded rather as a continuum and needs to be supplemented with more fine-grained distinctions. This paper presents a corpus-based contrastive study of Swedish verbs describing motion in a vehicle and their correspondents in a multilingual parallel corpus consisting of Swedish original texts and their translations into English, German, French and Finnish.

The variation is particularly noteworthy in Icelandic, where ganga, the cognate of go and its correspondents in the other Germanic languages is used as a correspondent to walk, when manner is profiled. When manner is not profiled fara is used in Icelandic, a cognate of English fare (as in farewell), which is actually the second most frequent motion verb in Icelandic after koma ‘come’. It is almost three times as frequent as ganga (Pind et al. 1991). As a motion verb it has a general meaning similar to English go.

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Advances in Corpus-based Contrastive Linguistics: Studies in honour of Stig Johansson by Karin Aijmer, Bengt Altenberg

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