Download PDF by Heather MacDougall: Activists and Advocates: Toronto’s Health Department,

By Heather MacDougall

ISBN-10: 1550020722

ISBN-13: 9781550020724

For greater than a century, Toronto’s healthiness division has served as a version of evolving municipal public overall healthiness providers in Canada and past. From horse manure to hippies and small pox to AIDS, the Department’s employees have verified and maintained criteria of environmental cleanliness and communicable ailment regulate tactics that experience made the town a fit position to live.

This centennial background anlyzes the complicated interplay of politics, patronage aspirations which verify the luck or failure of particular rules and courses. As such, it fills a protracted missed hole in our realizing of the advance of neighborhood health and wellbeing services.

Using Toronto’s altering situations as a backdrop, the e-book info the evolution of the overseas public health and wellbeing circulate via its numerous levels culminating within the sleek emphasis on healthiness merchandising and health and wellbeing advocacy. through so doing, it demonstrates the numerous contribution of preventive drugs and public health and wellbeing actions to Canadian existence.

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Extra resources for Activists and Advocates: Toronto’s Health Department, 1883-1983

Example text

By 1923, they had concluded that they should have a national organization, and that becoming a section of the Canadian Public Health Association would achieve this goal. The inspectors were reacting to the shift in public health practice from environmental activities to health education work. W. Hill, of London, and Charles Chapin, Providence, Rhode Island's long-time medical officer, criticized local health departments for continuing to spend money on sanitation services. As the president of the Canadian Sanitary Inspectors' Association asked in 1924: Is it implied that no efforts are to be made to improve housing conditions, or conditions in industrial plants?

Both the inspectors and the nurses were expected to join professional organizations and to participate in their meetings, in order to describe the 'Toronto system" and to learn about innovations developed in other cities. By the 1970s, Toronto's nurses were aware of the fourth phase of the international public health movement — health promotion — and wanted to modify their activities to add this new dimension. Like the inspectors, they looked to decentralization with its stress on teamwork as the way to modernize their role.

Jackson's successors then had to find a renewed sense of mission and identity. Redefining the Department's Activities: The Pequegnat Era Jackson's difficulties with the politicians led Alderman Nathan Phillips to question the automatic appointment of his deputy as the new health officer. A graduate in medicine and public health from the University of Toronto, Pequegnat served from 1924-5 as the eastern organizer for the Canadian Social Hygiene Council, a group dedicated to educating the public about the dangers of venereal disease.

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Activists and Advocates: Toronto’s Health Department, 1883-1983 by Heather MacDougall


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