New PDF release: A Performance Theory of Order and Constituency

By John A. Hawkins

ISBN-10: 0511554281

ISBN-13: 9780511554285

ISBN-10: 0521372615

ISBN-13: 9780521372619

ISBN-10: 0521378672

ISBN-13: 9780521378673

During this significant new ebook, John A. Hawkins provides a brand new thought of linear ordering in syntax. He argues that processing supplies an easy, useful reason behind syntactic ideas of ordering, in addition to for the choice between ordering editions in languages and buildings during which edition is feasible. Insights from generative syntax, typological stories of language universals, and psycholinguistic reports of language processing are mixed to teach that there's a profound correspondence among functionality and grammar.

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Extra info for A Performance Theory of Order and Constituency

Sample text

The prediction we would make here is similar: if a Relativization Domain RDj has greater complexity than another domain RDi? then repetition accuracies for RDj should be worse than or equal to those for RDj. In other words, repetition accuracies should be worse or equal as we go down each of the positions on the hierarchy. The Keenan and S. 17). It is clear that they provide strong support for these predictions (GEN-SU stands for relativization on a genitive within a subject NP; GEN-DO for relativization on a genitive within a direct object NP; cf.

Jackendoff 1977) the addition of an adverb to an adjective requires us to postulate the existence of a dominating adjective phrase, and hence adjectives in both pre- and postnominal position are dominated by AdjP. But if AdjP occurs before N in the NP, all lower dominated material should also be able to occur in this position, by virtue of a general structural principle: transitivity of domination. If a node A dominates B, and B dominates C, then A dominates C. Therefore, any rule, of positioning, rearrangement, or deletion, that applies to A applies to whatever it dominates.

The performance data therefore support a complexity metric in terms of Structural Domains, not one in terms of nonterminal to terminal ratios within a viewing window of three adjacent terminals. e. the worst three-word sequence within a given sentence, we were to aggregate over all three-word sequences in these sentences (which I suggested is just as plausible, if not more plausible: cf. n. 5, ch. 20). e. 33. e. 17. 71. 20), and the counterfactual prediction would be made that relativization should get easier down Keenan and Comrie's Accessibility Hierarchy.

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A Performance Theory of Order and Constituency by John A. Hawkins


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