By Max Lungarella, Fumiya Iida, Josh Bongard, Rolf Pfeifer
This Festschrift quantity, released in occasion of the fiftieth Anniversary of synthetic Intelligence, contains 34 refereed papers written through top researchers within the box of man-made Intelligence. The papers have been conscientiously chosen from the invited lectures given on the fiftieth Anniversary Summit of AI, held on the Centro Stefano Franscini, Monte Verit`, Ascona, Switzerland, July 9-14, 2006.
The summit supplied a venue for discussions on ancient, enterprise, political and academic views of AI; medical alternate at the cutting-edge; speculations concerning the destiny; contributions through researchers from varied yet comparable components; displays of the newest study via best scientists within the box; in addition to many casual discussions one of the individuals and viewers. the chosen papers replicate the breadth of the subjects provided and mentioned on the summit, masking matters starting from the heritage and clients of AI, to speech reputation and processing, linguistics, bionics, and consciousness.
The papers are prepared in topical sections on historic and Philosophical matters; info concept and Quantification; Morphology and Dynamics; Ne
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Extra info for 50 Years of Artificial Intelligence: Essays Dedicated to the 50th Anniversary of Artificial Intelligence
2375, pp. 216–228. : Developmental robotics, optimal artificial curiosity, creativity, music, and the fine arts. : G¨odel machines: fully self-referential optimal universal problem solvers. , Pennachin, C. ) Artificial General Intelligence, pp. 201–228. : Is history converging? Again? idsia. : New millennium AI and the convergence of history. , Mandziuk, J.
This eventually led to significant speedups of computer hardware, which was essential for many subsequent AI applications. The I in AI. In 1950, some 56 years ago, Turing invented a famous subjective test to decide whether a machine or something else is intelligent. 6 years later, and 25 years after G¨odel’s paper, John McCarthy finally coined the term “AI”. 50 years later, in 2006, this prompted some to celebrate the 50th birthday of AI, but this chapter’s title should make clear that its author cannot agree with this view—it is the thing that counts, not its name.
Q(t − 1) by Q(< t). 34 J. Schmidhuber At any given t the robot receives a real-valued input vector x(t) from the environment and executes a real-valued action y(t) which may affect future inputs; at times t < T its goal is to maximize future success or utility T u(t) = Eμ r(τ ) h(≤ t) , (1) τ =t+1 where r(t) is an additional real-valued reward input at time t, h(t) the ordered triple [x(t), y(t), r(t)] (hence h(≤ t) is the known history up to t), and Eμ (· | ·) denotes the conditional expectation operator with respect to some possibly unknown distribution μ from a set M of possible distributions.
50 Years of Artificial Intelligence: Essays Dedicated to the 50th Anniversary of Artificial Intelligence by Max Lungarella, Fumiya Iida, Josh Bongard, Rolf Pfeifer